IRCv3.1 SASL Authentication
Copyright © 2009-2012 Jilles Tjoelker <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Copyright © 2009-2012 William Pitcock <email@example.com>
Unlimited redistribution and modification of this document is allowed provided that the above copyright notice and this permission notice remains intact.
This document describes the client protocol for SASL authentication, as implemented in Charybdis and Atheme.
SASL authentication relies on the CAP client capability framework.
Support for SASL authentication is indicated with the “sasl” capability. The client MUST enable the sasl capability before using the AUTHENTICATE command defined by this specification.
The AUTHENTICATE command
The AUTHENTICATE command MUST be used before registration is complete and with the sasl capability enabled. To enforce the former, it is RECOMMENDED to only send CAP END when the SASL exchange is completed or needs to be aborted. Clients SHOULD be prepared for timeouts at all times during the SASL authentication.
There are two forms of the AUTHENTICATE command: initial client message and later messages.
The initial client message specifies the SASL mechanism to be used. (When this
is received, the IRCD will attempt to establish an association with a SASL
agent.) If this fails, a 904 numeric will be sent and the session state remains
unchanged; the client MAY try another mechanism. Otherwise, the server sends
a set of regular AUTHENTICATE messages with the initial server response.
If the chosen mechanism is client-first, the server sends an empty response
AUTHENTICATE +, as described below).
initial-authenticate = "AUTHENTICATE" SP mechanism CRLF
A set of regular AUTHENTICATE messages transmits a response from client to
server or vice versa. The server MAY intersperse other IRC protocol messages
between the AUTHENTICATE messages of a set.
The response is encoded in Base64
(RFC 4648), then split to 400-byte
chunks, and each chunk is sent as a separate
AUTHENTICATE command. Empty
(zero-length) responses are sent as
AUTHENTICATE +. If the last chunk was
exactly 400 bytes long, it must also be followed by
AUTHENTICATE + to signal
end of response.
The server MAY place a limit on the total length of a response.
regular-authenticate-set = *("AUTHENTICATE" SP 400BASE64 CRLF) "AUTHENTICATE" SP (1*399BASE64 / "+") CRLF
The client can abort an authentication by sending an asterisk as the data. The server will send a 906 numeric.
authenticate-abort = "AUTHENTICATE" SP "*" CRLF
If authentication fails, a 904 or 905 numeric will be sent and the
client MAY retry from the
AUTHENTICATE <mechanism> command.
If authentication is successful, a 900 and 903 numeric will be sent.
If the client attempts to issue the AUTHENTICATE command after already authenticating successfully, the server MUST reject it with a 907 numeric.
If the client completes registration (with CAP END, NICK, USER and any other necessary messages) while the SASL authentication is still in progress, the server SHOULD abort it and send a 906 numeric, then register the client without authentication.
This document does not specify use of the AUTHENTICATE command in registered (person) state.
Example protocol exchange
C: indicates lines sent by the client, S: indicates lines sent by the server.
The client is using the PLAIN SASL mechanism with authentication identity jilles, authorization identity jilles and password sesame.
C: CAP REQ :sasl C: NICK jilles C: USER jilles cheetah.stack.nl 1 :Jilles Tjoelker S: NOTICE AUTH :*** Processing connection to jaguar.test S: NOTICE AUTH :*** Looking up your hostname... S: NOTICE AUTH :*** Checking Ident S: NOTICE AUTH :*** No Ident response S: NOTICE AUTH :*** Found your hostname S: :jaguar.test CAP jilles ACK :sasl C: AUTHENTICATE PLAIN S: AUTHENTICATE + C: AUTHENTICATE amlsbGVzAGppbGxlcwBzZXNhbWU= S: :jaguar.test 900 jilles firstname.lastname@example.org jilles :You are now logged in as jilles S: :jaguar.test 903 jilles :SASL authentication successful C: CAP END S: :jaguar.test 001 jilles :Welcome to the jillestest Internet Relay Chat Network jilles (usual welcome messages)
Alternatively the client could request the list of capabilities and enable an additional capability.
C: CAP LS C: NICK jilles C: USER jilles cheetah.stack.nl 1 :Jilles Tjoelker S: NOTICE AUTH :*** Processing connection to jaguar.test S: NOTICE AUTH :*** Looking up your hostname... S: NOTICE AUTH :*** Checking Ident S: NOTICE AUTH :*** No Ident response S: NOTICE AUTH :*** Found your hostname S: :jaguar.test CAP * LS :multi-prefix sasl C: CAP REQ :multi-prefix sasl S: :jaguar.test CAP jilles ACK :multi-prefix sasl C: AUTHENTICATE PLAIN S: AUTHENTICATE + C: AUTHENTICATE amlsbGVzAGppbGxlcwBzZXNhbWU= S: :jaguar.test 900 jilles email@example.com jilles :You are now logged in as jilles S: :jaguar.test 903 jilles :SASL authentication successful C: CAP END S: :jaguar.test 001 jilles :Welcome to the jillestest Internet Relay Chat Network jilles (usual welcome messages)
Numerics used by this extension
RPL_LOGGEDIN is sent when the user’s account name is set (whether by SASL or otherwise).
:server 900 <nick> <nick>!<ident>@<host> <account> :You are now logged in as <user>
RPL_LOGGEDOUT is sent when the user’s account name is unset (whether by SASL or otherwise).
:server 901 <nick> <nick>!<ident>@<host> :You are now logged out
ERR_NICKLOCKED is sent when the SASL authentication fails because the account is currently locked out, held, or otherwise administratively made unavailable.
:server 902 <nick> :You must use a nick assigned to you
RPL_SASLSUCCESS is sent when the SASL authentication finishes successfully. It usually goes along with
:server 903 <nick> :SASL authentication successful
ERR_SASLFAIL is sent when the SASL authentication fails because of invalid credentials or other errors not explicitly mentioned by other numerics.
:server 904 <nick> :SASL authentication failed
ERR_SASLTOOLONG is sent when credentials are valid, but the SASL authentication fails because the client-sent
AUTHENTICATE command was too long (i.e. the parameter longer than 400 bytes).
:server 905 <nick> :SASL message too long
ERR_SASLABORTED is sent when the SASL authentication is aborted because the client sent an
AUTHENTICATE command with
* as the parameter.
:server 906 <nick> :SASL authentication aborted
ERR_SASLALREADY is sent when the client attempts to initiate SASL authentication after it has already finished successfully for that connection.
:server 907 <nick> :You have already authenticated using SASL
RPL_SASLMECHS MAY be sent in reply to an
AUTHENTICATE command which requests an unsupported mechanism. The numeric contains a comma-separated list of mechanisms supported by the server (or network, services).
:server 908 <nick> <mechanisms> :are available SASL mechanisms
(The final “text” parameter is not to be machine-parsed, as it tends to vary between implementations and translations.)
- Previous versions of this specification mentioned that 904 numeric would be used when SASL was aborted. 906 ERR_SASLABORTED should be used when SASL is aborted.
- Previous versions of this specification did not precisely describe when is RPL_SASLMECHS being sent.
- Clarified the language how responses are transmitted.
- Added empty initial server response for client-first mechanisms. This had happened de-facto already.